Gradle is an open-source build automation tool focused on flexibility and performance. Gradle build scripts are written using a Groovy or Kotlin DSL(Domain Specific Language). Android is using Gradle to automate and manage the build process. Also it defines flexible custom build configurations.
When you start a new project/application in Android Studio, it automatically generates some gradle related files for you.
build.gradle: The build.gradle file is of two type
build.gradle: Also known as project level build.gradle. It defines build configurations that apply to all modules in your project. build.gradle file uses the buildscript block to define the Gradle repositories and dependencies that are common to all modules in the project.
build.gradle: Allows you to configure build settings for the specific module. Provides Module level custom packaging options.
gradle.properties: You can configure project-wide Gradle settings
To know more about Gradle, visit page - Gradle Docs | Build Environment
Though Gradle makes application development easy, it can have some issues too. Gradle Sync Failed is a major problem faced and reported by many users.
There are several reasons why gradle sync fails:
Gradle requires that you have a working internet connection on your computer. As it downloads all the required versions from the internet which are missing on your computer, it is mandatory to have a proper internet connection.
Proxy servers can cause issues in downloading required files for gradle so make sure proxy server is disabled.
To disable the proxy server go to: File → Settings → Appearance and Behaviour → System Settings → HTTP Proxy . In HTTP Proxy setting, select No Proxy, save setting (Apply) and click on OK.
The Gradle Wrapper script invokes a declared version of Gradle, downloading it if necessary. As a result, developers can get up and running with a Gradle project quickly without having to follow manual installation processes.
Keep your distributionUrl updated. You can get the latest gradle wrappers from Gradle Services | Distribution
If you’re getting an issue to update gradle wrapper from Android Studio’s gradle-wrapper.properties file, you can manually download wrapper files from the link mentioned above and manually import it from Settings -
Go to File → Settings → Build, Execution, Deployment → Gradle → Use Gradle From
Specified Location then select
gradle wrapper from your downloaded folder.
When you’re using any dependency in your app, make sure version number is properly mentioned. Using the latest versions would be great practice.
When you do not mention version number, Gradle may download all the available versions.
You should use an explicit dependency version and keep it updated with latest ones.
Clearing your cache is also important in order to improve system performance. Android studio provides an “Invalidate cache” option to delete cached files
Sometimes Android Studio takes too much time to build your project. This generally happens due to inappropriate gradle files i.e some gradle files might be missing or internet connection might be slow. In such cases, users forcefully cancels the build process in order to restart it. But that doesn’t work as some gradle files are being used by the system to build the app.
In such cases users restart Android Studio, try to clear caches, restart their System(PC) but nothing works. This is because some processes are locked by the system and we cannot forcefully restart them.
So to resolve this problem, you need to release the locked processes by system with the help of any process explorer. Process Explorer is an authorized Microsoft product/tool that shows you information about which handles and DLLs processes have opened or loaded or locked.
For more about Process Explorer visit - Microsoft | Process Explorer
This was the short introduction of Gradle in Android Studio. I have tried to enlist possible causes of Gradle sync fail issue and available solutions. Hope this article helps you.
Also for detailed explanation about Gradle, Gradle Distribution etc, you can visit - Gradle | User Manual